A breast cancer diagnosis can be tough for you and your family to face, especially if you are not familiar with the treatment options that may help in your fight against this disease. After your initial diagnosis, your oncologist will discuss all available treatment options with you to customize a plan that is best fit for your condition. Some of the therapies that may be included in your treatment are discussed in further detail below.
- Surgery: There are several types of surgery that may be utilized in breast cancer treatment. If the cancer has not spread and is isolated to a small section of the breast, a surgery called lumpectomy can be performed to remove only the cancerous tissue and some of the breast tissue around it. Cancer in later stages may require mastectomy, which is the removal of the entire breast and, in some cases, the lymph nodes.
- Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams of light to shrink and eventually eliminate cancer cells. When used for breast cancer, radiation therapy can be external or internal, depending on the needs of the patient. If a lumpectomy has been performed, internal radiation therapy may take place through a special tool that is placed in the cavity of the breast. External radiation is typically a better option for women who are not having surgery.
- Medication: Chemotherapy is the most common type of medication used in cancer treatment. It can be taken orally or intravenously, and it is designed to eradicate rapidly growing cells such as cancer cells. Hormonal therapy is another method using medication, and it is specifically designed for breast cancer treatment. Most breast cancers are estrogen sensitive, and hormone therapy can treat these by blocking estrogen in the body.
If you are facing a breast cancer diagnosis, you can explore all your treatment options with the HCA Hospitals in the Las Vegas area. Sunrise Children’s Hospital can offer support for you and your family as you work through your treatment, so contact us today on our website or at (702) 731-5437.